Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (9/9/1828 — 20/11/1910), also known as Leo Tolstoy was a Russian novelist, short story writer, philosopher and playwright who, primarily, wrote novels and short stories. Tolstoy was a master of realistic fiction and is widely considered one of the greatest novelists of all time.
He is best known for 2 long novels —– (1) War And Peace (1869) and (2) Anna Karenina (1877). Tolstoy first achieved literary acclaim in his 20s, with his semi-autobiographical trilogy of novels —— Childhood, Boyhood and Youth (1852 — 1856) and Sevastopol Sketches (1855) based on his experiences in the Crimean War, His fiction outputs also includes two additional novels, dozens of short stories, and several famous novellas, including Family Happiness and Hadji Murad. Later in life he also wrote plays and essays.
Tolstoy is equally known for his complicated and paradoxical persona and for his extreme moralistic and ascetic views, which he adopted after a moral crisis and spiritual awakening in 1870s, after which he also became noted as a moral thinker and social reformer. His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centring on The Sermon On The Mount, caused him, in later life, to become a fervent Christian anarchist. His ideas on non-violent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom Of God Is Within You, were to have a profound impact on such pivotal 20th Century figures a Gandhi, Martin Luther King,Jr., and James Bevel.