KAMRAN KI BARADARI is a summer pavilion at Lahore, Pakistan. It is a 2-storey pavilion which has 12 columns of vaulted balconies.
Kamran Mirza, sometimes known simply as Kamran (1509-1557) was the 2nd son of Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire and the 1st Mughal Emperor. He was the brother of Emperor Humayun. After Babur’s death in 1530, Kamran Mirza seized Lahore where he built this BARADARI in 1540, which is the first Mughal structure to be built in Lahore. It is called KAMRAN KI BARADARI. BARA means twelve and DAR means door. It was a twelve-door-building on the bank of the River Ravi. The river changed its course , over time, with the result that BARADARI stands on the bank, but in the water as an island, because the water of the river took half of the BARADARI along with it. As Mughal buildings are generally symmetrical, it was possible, for historians, to infer the design of the lost portion and it was rebuilt at a cost of 19.6 million rupees. Unfortunately, the restoration extended to the remaining half and resulted in the total effacement of its surface decoration including a few fragments of original decoration to have survived of the gardens, very few traces survived in the late 20th century and a new garden, based partially on Mughal motifs, was built to the west of the BARADARI.
KAMRAN KI BARADARI is ostensibly the earliest known Mughal monument in Lahore, said to have been built I the 1950s. However, the pavilion more likely dates to the reign of Shah Jahan (1627-1658) as certain architectural features such as the use of “cusped arches” were not employed until Shah Jahan’s reign. The attribution of the structure to Prince Kamran —– likely derived from local oral traditions which were picked up by Latif when he collected material for his comprehensive book on Lahore’s architectural heritage in 1892.