ECBATANA (Old Persian : HAGGMATANA literally “a place of gathering”. ) was an ancient city in Media in western Iran. It is believed that Ecbatana is in TAPPE – ye HAGGMATANA ) near HAMADAN.
The city was surrounded by seven concentric walls. Itself at an elevation of 6,158ft, the city dominates the wide, fertile plain of the upper QAREH SU River. A little to the east of Ecbatana is the MUSALLA ( a natural mound ) the debris of which includes the remains of ancient Ecbatana. The modern city is built partly on this mound.
Modern development is modest. In summer the pleasant climate makes Ecbatana a resort, but the winters are long and severe. The EKBATAN DAM (formerly SHAHNAZ DAM ) provides water for the city. Grain and fruit are grown in abundance, and Ecbatana is an important trade centre on the main Tehran – Baghdad highway. In the Iranian rug trade, Ecbatana rugs rank second to KERMAN rugs.