Blast from the past!



THEYYAM or THEYYATTAM is a ritual form of worship of North Malabar in Kerala, predominant in the KOLATHUNADA area (consisting of present-day Kasargod, Kannur Districts , Mananthavady Taluk of Wayanad & Vadakara & Koyilandy Taluks of Kozhikode of Kerala) and also in Kodagu and Tulu Nadu of Karnataka as a living cult with several 1000 year-old traditions, rituals and customs. The performers of Theyyam belong to the lower caste community and have an important position in Theyyam.  They are also known as MALAYANMAR.


People of these districts consider THEYYAM, itself, as a God and they seek blessings from this THEYYAM.  A similar custom is followed in the Tulu Nadu region of neighbouring Karnataka known as BHUTA KOLA.


Bridget & Raymond Alchin say, ” There can be no doubt that a very large part of this folk religion is extremely ancient and contains traits which originated during the earliest periods of…

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Blast from the past..


BERAT, the City of a Thousand Windows, in South – Central Albania, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (2008).

Berat Albania

The Balkan-style houses  climb up the side of the hill upon which the 13th century BERAT CASTLE is situated.  These houses, belonging to the late 18th and the 19th centuries, typically have two floors with a ground floor mad of stone and a prominent upper floor painted white and roofs covered with red ceramic tiles.  They have large wooden windows which, because of the steepness of the hill and the construction of the houses, appear to be stacked one over the other  This view has earned BERAT, the moniker The City of a Thousand Windows.

The name of the city, in Albanian, is BERAT or BERATI, meaning “White City”.  According to local legend, the TOMORR Mountain, was originally a Giant who fought with another Giant, called SHPIRAG, over a young woman. …

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Blast from the past…


A Llama is a domesticated South American “camelid”, widely used as pack animal and also for its meat by Andean cultures since pre-Hispanic times.  The name Llama (in the past also spelled ‘lama’ or ‘glama’ ) was adopted by European settlers from native Peruvians.
llama_The Llama appears to have originated from the central plains of North America about 40 million years ago.  They migrated to South America about 3 million years ago.  By the end of the Ice Age (10,000 – 12,000 years ago) camelids were extinct in North America.  As of 2007, there were about 7 million Llamas and Alpacas in South America, and due to its importation from South America, in the late 20th century, there are now over 158,000 Llamas and 100,000 alpacas in the US and Canada.
Lamoids or Llamas (as they are more generally known as a group), were compared, by early writers, to sheep…

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Rub’ al Khali

Blast from the past…


Rub' al Khali

RUB’ al KHALI (Arabic : EMPTY QUARTER) is the largest continuous sand desert in the world, encompassing most of the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula.  The desert covers some 650,, including parts of Saudi Arabia, Oman, the UAE and Yemen.  It is part of the larger Arabian Desert.

rub_al-khali top view

The Desert is 1,000km long and 500km wide.  Its surface elevation varies from 2,600ft in the southwest to around sea-level in the northeast.  The terrain is covered with sand dunes with heights of up to 820ft, interspersed with gravel and gypsum plains.  The sand is a reddish-orange colour due to the presence of FELDSPAR.  There are also brackish salt flats in some areas, such as the UMM al SAMIM area on the desert’s eastern edge.

Sand dunes empty quarter

Along the middle length of the desert, there are a number of raised, hardened areas of calcium carbonate, gypsum, clay that were once the site of…

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Life is calling

Blast from the past!


Moksha and happiness

Is there such a thing as “life’s calling” ?  There is no “life’s calling”, but “life is calling” —— both from within and without.  Only when you truly respond to the “call of life”, you know life in its entirety.  If life is calling you, you must go towards it with utmost passion and involvement without any hesitation and calculation.

This is not about your ego wanting to do something different.  It is about living to your full potential. And if you are truly passionate about every aspect of your life, you will realise what you are good at.  It could be that you are good at something new that has never been done before.  But even if you are doing the same, age-old things, when, you do them with utmost passion and involvement , they will raise you to a new dimension of experience.
Problems come when people are passionate…

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Trees are yogis


Lord Krishna states in the Bhagwad Gita, “I am Peepal among trees”.  Trees are Mahayogis.  As an evolved human spreads divine aura, joy and peace, so do trees.  The moment it sprouts from earth, it spreads its arms (branches) towards the sky to receive all energies, head held high to get connected to universal life force for growth, yet rooted on earth.  It flows with natural forces, making itself stronger, taller and beautiful.
Radha Krishna

Trees always give just like the rest of Nature, teaching and reminding us that giving is the Law of Nature.  If we imbibe this, it will make the atmosphere pleasant and congenial for growth.  Tree is a Guru and reflection of the Supreme Provider..  It is the provider of bounties which are required for our healthy and natural survival.  That is why a tree reflects what it is to be alive, without thrusting and enforcing anything or being…

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Balancing rocks

Blast from the past…


A BALANCING ROCK is a naturally-occurring geological formation featuring a large rock or boulder, sometimes of substantial size, resting on other rocks that often look precariously balanced.  In reality, these rocks appear to be balancing but are, in fact, firmly connected to a base rock by a pedestal or stem.
Here are a few of the “Balancing Rocks” :

(1) KRISHNA’S BUTTER BALL :  This is a curious tourist attraction in Mahabalipuram, a town about 60km south of Chennai, that is famous for its stone carvings.  The “Butterball” is a giant balancing rock, and is 5 metres in diameter, perched on a smooth slope, seemingly defying all laws of physics.  The rock’s awkward position makes it quite popular with locals and tourists alike as it makes for an interesting backdrop for some whacky photographer  It is a common sight to see visitors placing their hands under the rock and posing…

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