The TADOBA ANDHARI TIGER PROJECT is a Tiger Reserve in Chandrapur District of Maharashtra State. It is notable as Maharashtra’s oldest and largest National Park. It is one of India’s 43 PROJECT TIGER —— Tiger Reserves.
The GOND Kings once ruled these forests I the vicinity of the CHIMUR hills. Hunting was completely banned in 1935. Two decades later, in 1955, 116.54sq.km was declared a National Park. ANDHARI Wildlife Sanctuary was created in the adjacent forests in 1986, and, in 1995, both the Park and the Sanctuary were merged to establish the present Tiger Reserve. ——– TADOBA ANDHARI Reserve is the largest and oldest National Park in Maharashtra. The total area of the Reserve is 1,727sq.km. This includes TADOBA National Park, created in 1955.
Other wetland areas, within the Reserve, include the KOLSA LAKE & ANDHARI River. The Tadoba Reserve covers the CHIMUR HILLS and the Andhari Sanctuary covers MOHARLI & KOLSA Ranges. There are thick forests, which are relieved by smooth meadows and deep valleys as the terrain slopes from north to south. Cliffs and caves provide refuge for several animals. The 2 “forested triangles” are formed of Tadoba and Andhari range. The south part of the park is less hilly. Tadoba Reserve is predominantly a southern tropical dry deciduous forest with dense woodlands comprising 87% of the protected area. Teak is the predominant tree species. Other deciduous trees include AIN(Crocodile bark), BIJA, DHAUDA, HALDU, SALAI & TENDU. The PALAS or Flame of the Forest adds vibrant colour to the forest. Black plum trees grow in the RIPARIAN habitat around the lake. At the waterhole at PANCHADHARA, huge ARJUN trees are seen. Bamboo thickets and patches of grass are found throughout the reserve. The climber KACH KUJALI (velvet bean) found here is a medicinal plant used to treat Parkinson’s disease.
Aside from around 65 of the keystone species of Bengal Tiger, TADOBA TIGER RESERVE is home to other mammals like spotted deer, sloth bears, gaur, nilgai, dhole, striped hyena, small Indian civet, jungle cats, sambar, barking deer and CHAUSINGHA. The Tadoba Lake is an ornithologist’s paradise, with a diversity of water birds and raptors. 195 species of birds have been recorded, including 3 endangered species. The Grey-Headed Fish-Eagle eagle, the Crested-Serpent Eagle and Changeable Hawk-Eagle are some of the raptors.