ARISTOTLE (384-322 BCE) was a Greek philosopher and scientist,born in Stagirus, Northern Greece. His father died when Aristotle was a child, and Proxenus of Attarneus, became his guardian. At 18, he joined Plato’s Academy, in Athens, and remained there till the age of 37.
His writings cover many subjects –physics, biology, zoology, logic, metaphysics, ethics, poetry, music, theatre, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government, and constitute the 1st comprehensive system of WESTERN PHILOSOPHY. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens, and, at the request of Philip of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great between 356-323 BCE. According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Aristotle was he 1st genuine scientist in history…..(and) every scientist is in his debt.”
Teaching Alexander the Great, gave Aristotle many opportunities and an abundance of supplies. He established a library, in the LYCEUM, which added in the production of many of his 100 books. Aristotle believed that all people’s concepts and all their knowledge was, ultimately, based on PERCEPTION. Aristotle ‘views’ on NATURAL SCIENCES represent he ground-work underlying many of his works.
In metaphysics, ARISTOTELINISM, profoundly influenced Judeo-Islamic philosophical and theological thought, in the Middle Ages, and continues to influence Christian Theology. Aristotle was well-known among medieval Muslim intellectuals and revered as “The First Teacher”.
Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues ————-Cicero described his literary style as a “RIVER of GOLD” ——and it is thought that only around a third of his original output has survived.
(1) All human actions, one or more of these, have 7 causes –chance, nature, compulsion, habit, reason, passion, desire.
(2) Those who educate children well, are more to be honoured than they who produce them; for these only gave them life, those the ART OF LIVING WELL.