MATTUR is a village near the city of Shivamogga in Karnataka State, India, known for the usage of the “language of the Gods” —SANSKRIT, for day-to-day communication, although the general language of the State is Kannada. You will be greeted, on arrival, thus : HARI OM. KATHAM AASTHI ? (Hello. How are you ? )
As people go about their daily routine soon after, there’s more Sanskrit to be heard. At times, the whole village sems like a “Pathashala” ——- everybody, children and menfolk alike, dressed in white dhotis and angasvatra greeting each other with : Hari Om. Katham Aasthi ?
Mattur has produced over 30 Sanskrit Professors who are teaching in Kuvempu, Bengaluru, Mysore and Mangalore Universities.
The group of upwards of two dozen authors who have raised objections include Margaret Atwood, Helen Macdonald and Sara Maitland.. They call the decision “shocking and poorly considered”.
An APTRONYM or CHARACTONYM is a name aptly suited to its owner.
A notable example is the former Archbishop of Mamla —- Jaime L. SIN, who in 1976 was made a Cardinal by Pope Paul VI, thus becoming known as CARDINAL SIN.
Place Names can also be APTRONYMS, perhaps unintentionally, such as the former LIBERTY JAIL, so called because of its location in Liberty, Missouri, USA. Business Names can also be APTRONYMS, such as Brownie SEPTIC Systems (now Brownie Environmental Services ) of Florida, named after its owner.
A PALINDROME is a word, phrase, number or other sequence of symbols or elements, that reads the same forward or reversed.
SPOONERISM : Words or phrases, in which letters or syllables get swapped.
A word, phrase, number or sequence of symbols or elements. The meaning may be interpreted in either FORWARD or REVERSE DIRECTION.
The word PALINDROME comes from the Greek :—PALIN = again and DROMOS = way, direction. The Greek phrase to describe the phenomenon is KARKINOI (crabs) alluding to movement of crabs, such as an inscription that may be read backwards They date back to at least 79 AD.
A palindrome called the SATOR SQUARE, found as a graffiti at the HERCULANEUM, a city buried by ash in that year (79 AD) The SATOR SQUARE consists of a sentence, written in Latin.—————SATOR AREPO TENET OPERA ROTAS ( THE SOWER AREPO HOLD WORK WHEELS ) The 1st letters of each word form the 1st word, 2nd letters the 2nd word and so forth. So, it can be arranged into a WORD SQUARE, that reads in 4 different ways :—HORIZONTALLY, VERTICALLY, from either TOP-LEFT to BOTTOM-RIGHT or BOTTOM-RIGHT to TOP-LEFT.
Character, word, line unit :——–kayak, madam, redder, rotor, level, civic, radar, race-car, reviver, refer.
Phrases :—(1) Eva, can I stab bats in a cave ?
(2) Mr. Owl ate my metal worm
(3) Was it a car or a cat I saw ?
(4) A nut for a jar of tuna.
(5) Do geese see God ?
(6) Ma is as selfless as I am.
(7) Dammit, I’m mad.
(8) A Toyota’s a Toyota.
(9) Go hang a salami, I’m a lasagne hog.
(10) A Santa lived as a devil at NASA.
(11) Step on no pets.
(12) Rats live on no evil star.
Some famous English Palindromes
(1) Able was I ere I saw Elba.
(2) A man, a plan, a canal—–Panama.
(3) Madam, I’m Adam.
(4) Doc , note : I dissent. Fast never prevents fatness. I diet on cod.
(5) Never odd or even.
(6) Rise to vote, Sir.
Some people have names that are Palindromes : Ada, Anna, bob, Aviva.
The longest Palindrome (in the English Oxford Dictionary) is TATTARRATTAT coined by James Joyce in ULYSSES (1922) for a knock at the door. The Guiness Book of Records gives the title (longest) to DETARTRATED (past participle of DETARTRATE, a chemical term meaning to remove tartrates. ROTAVATOR (trademark name for an agricultural machine) is often listed in dictionaries.