Tenerife

Tenerife


TENERIFE is the largest and most populous island of the 7 Canary Islands.  It is also the most populated Island of Spain, with a land area of 2,034.38sq.km.  TENERIFE is also the largest and most populous island of MACARONESIA.  Also located on the island MACIZO de ANAGA since 2015 is BIOSPHERE RESERVE and is the place that has the largest number of endemic species in Europe.  The island’s capital contains the architectural symbol of the Canary Islands, the modern AUDITORIO de TENERIFE.


Tenerife coast


About 5 million tourists visit TENERIFE each year.  It is also one of the most important tourist destinations in Spain.  TENERIFE hosts one of the world’s largest carnivals and the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is attempting to become a World Heritage Site.  

The island’s former inhabitants, the GUANCHES, referred to the island as ACHINET or CHENET.  According to Pliny the Younger, Berber King Juba -2 sent an expedition to the Canary Islands and Madeira and gave the Canary Islands its name because he found particularly ferocious dogs (CANARIA) on the island.  Ancient Romans referred to Tenerife as NIVARIA, derived from the Latin word NIX meaning “snow”, in clear reference to the snow-covered peak of the TEIDE VOLCANO.  On the other hand, maps dating to the 14th and 15th centuries, from authors like BONTIER & LE VERRIER refer to the island as ISLA del INFIERNO, literally meaning ISLAND OF HELL, a reference to the volcanic activity and eruptions of Mount TEIDE.

Tenerife surfing sports


Finally, TEIDE is also responsible for the name of the island widely used today, named by the BENAHOARITAS (natives of La Palma) with a derivation from the words TENE (mountain) & IFE (white).  Later, after colonisation, the name resulted in the adding of a letter “r” uniting both words to obtain the name TENERIFE as a result.


Tenerife El Medano


The oldest mountain ranges in Tenerife rose from the Atlantic Ocean by volcanic eruption which gave birth to the island 12 million years ago.  The island, as it is today, was formed 3million years ago by the fusion of 3 islands, made up of the mountain ranges of ANAGA, TENO & VALLE de SAN LORENZO, due to volcanic activity from TEIDE.  The volcano is visible from most parts of the island today and the crater is 17km long at some points.


Tenerife Canary Islands


TENERIFE is a rugged volcanic island sculpted by successive eruptions throughout its history.  There are 4 historically recorded volcanic eruptions, none of which led to casualties.  The first one was in 1704, when the ARAFO, FASNIA & SIETE FUENTES volcanoes erupted simultaneously.  In 1706, the greatest eruption occurred at TREVEJO and it produced great quantities of lave which buried the city and port of GARACHICO.  The last eruption of the 18th century happened in 1798 at CANADAS de TEIDE, in CHAHORRA.  Finally, and most recently, in 1909 which formed the CHINYERO CINDER CONE, in the municipality of Santiago del Teide, erupted.


Anaga mountains Tenerife


Mount Teide, with an elevation of 12,198 ft above sea level, is the highest point in all of Spain, and is also the 3rd largest volcano in the world from its base in the bottom of the sea.  For this reason, Tenerife is the 10th highest island worldwide.  It comprises about 200 small barren islets or large rocks including ROQUES de ANAGA, ROQUE de GARACHICO & FASNIA, adding a further 2,301.701 sq.ft to the total area.


Tenerife mountain living


Tenerife is known internationally as the Island of Eternal Spring (ISLA de la ETERNA PRIMA VERA).  The island of Tenerife has a remarkable ecological diversity in site of its small surface area.  1,400 species of plants exist on the island including  Vipers Bugloss, Teide White Broom and Teide Violet. The fauna of the island has many endemic invertebrates and unique reptiles, bird and mammal species.  The fauna of Tenerife includes some 400 species of fish, 56 birds, 5 reptiles, 2 amphibians, 13 land mammals and several 1000 invertebrates, along with several species of sea turtles, whales and dolphins.


Mount Teide


The official symbols from nature associated with Tenerife are the bird Blue Chaffinch (FRINGILLA TEYDEA) and the Canary Islands Dragon Tree (DRACAENA DRACO).

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Costa Brava

costa-brava

COSTA BRAVA (Spanish : WILD or RUGGED COAST) is a “coastal gem” in north-eastern Spain, and it stretches from BLANES, 60km northeast of Barcelona, to the French border.

The coast was named COSTA BRAVA by Ferran Agullo in an article published in the Catalan newspaper La Veu de Catalunya in September 1908.  He referred to the “rugged” landscape of the Mediterranean coast which runs from the river TORDERA, near BLANES, to BANYULS with the name COSTA  BRAVA.  COSTA is the Catalan and Spanish word for “coast”, while BRAVA means “rugged” or “wild”.  This term was officially recognized and promoted in the 1960s, as it was deemed suitable to promote tourism in the region.

Spain Costa Brava


Before Costa Brava became the official name, other names were suggested : COSTA GREGA (Greek Coast), COSTA del CORALL ( Coral Coast), COSTA SERENA (Serene Coast), COSTES de LLEVANT (Levant Coasts) or MARINA de L’EMPORDA (Emporda Marine) .


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The combination of a very good summer climate, nature, excellent beaches and a favourable foreign exchange rate, which made Spain a relatively inexpensive tourist destination, was exploited by the construction of a large number of hotels and apartments.  Tourism rapidly took over from fishing as the principal business of the area.


Pica d'Estats (3143m)


The Costa Brave is the sum of amazing sensations from Blanes to Portbou.  Nature plays a staring role in the form of 3 natural parks : 3 distinctive settings, 3 areas of great biological importance.  The coastline will also take your breath away with the beauty of its superb beaches and heavenly coves nestled among cliffs, not to mention typical Mediterranean towns such as CADAQUES or CALELLA de PALAFRUGELL and unique beauty spots such as the Bay of Roses, Banyoles Lake and the Botanical Gardens of SANTA CLOTILDE, PINYA de ROSA, MARIMURTRA & CAPROIG.


CADAQUES SPAIN


The Costa Brava also boasts an array of cultural assets : sites that display the wonderful legacy of Salvador Dali in EMPORDA, the Monastery of SANT PERE de RODES or the CASTLE of PERATALLADA; medieval towns such as TOSSA de MAR, PUBOL or PALS; the ruins of EMPURIES, a major archaeological site providing a fascinating insight into how the ancient Greeks and Romans lived; the traditional ceramics of LA BISBAL and GIRONA’S Old Quarter, featuring a superb historical gem, the Jewish Quarter.


Bay of Roses Spain


In 1998, the coastal towns of Costa Brava signed a Charter called the CATA de TOSSA, which undertook to pursue environmental protection, along with tourism.  This recognized the value of the region’s wide range of natural habitats.  The MEDES ISLANDS, off the coast of L’ESTARTIT, are in Spain’s first marine reserve and provide a home to a wide range of fish and aquatic flora.  The nearby wildfowl reserve on marshlands at AIGUAMOLLS de L’EMPORDA also saved land from the potential ravages of development.


Aerea_estany_de_banyoles


MEDES ISLANDS : The small archipelago of the Medes, located in the heart of the Costa Brava, in the town of TORRDELLA de MONTGRI and close to the mountain of the same name is composed of 7 islands that are characterized by its rich marine ecosystem.  The proximity of the coast and the River Ter, these islands provide a great amount of organic matter, allowing the variety of flora and fauna typical of the Medes.  Some examples of this variety are the colony of gulls, the peculiar terrestrial vegetation, algae or coralline seabed where you can go diving.


Santa_Clotilde


ALBERA MASSIF :  Declared area of outstanding natural beauty, the landscape presents one with the largest concentrations of megalithic monuments in Catalonia, with small Romanesque Churches that make this area one of the most rich heritage and history of the surrounding region of the ALT EMPORDA.  And the ALBERA MASSIF presents transition vegetation between the species of the PYRENEAN mountains and the Mediterranean, as well as fauna, characterized  by great diversity, between the mountain areas and the wetland Catalonia.


the ruins of EMPURIES


LAKE of BANYOLES :  This area of great landscape and geology covers the whole of the coast called the LAKE OF BANYOLES.  With an area of 107hectares and a “feature-eight”, and is one of the largest in the IBERIAN PENINSULA.  The most important lakes of this system are its origin and source of the feed water through seepage of rain in some parts of the GARROTXA through subterranean flows caused.  LAKE OF BANYOLES and the collection of small ponds, present throughout the year and chemical processes of thermal stratification.  In addition to these features, concentrated around the lake is a wide variety of flora and fauna.


Castello_d'Empuries


ISLAND OF TER : The island of River Ter is a natural area of great ecological value for its biodiversity and for its potential as a setting for environmental education, both for students and for all those who love nature.  The area is protected by municipal regulations and by the condition WILDLIFE REFUGE.  Fauna include otter, genet and various species of butterflies typical of aquatic environments and a variety of birds such as night heron, kingfisher and lesser spotted woodpecker among others.  In total, about 200 species have been observed.


raya


The main rivers that pour their waters into the Costa Brava are : MUGA, FLUVIA. TER & TORDERA.  The climate is typical Mediterranean  ——– mild and temperate characterized by hot dry summers and moderately cold winters.  In the 1950s, the Costa Brava was identified by the Spanish Government and local entrepreneurs as being suitable for substantial development as a holiday destination, mainly for package holiday tourists from Northern Europe, especially the UK and France.

Potosi

potosi-

POTOSI is a city and the capital of the department of Potosi in Bolivia.  It is one of the highest cities in the world by elevation at a nominal 13,420ft.  For centuries, it was the location of the Spanish Colonial Mint.

There is no authoritative etymology for the word “Potosi”.  According to legend, in about 1462, HUAYNA CAPAC, the 11th SAPA INCA of what by then was known as the Inca Empire “set out for CCOLQUE PORCO, the location of his mines, from which were taken innumerable ARROBAS of silver.”  (An ARROBA is a Spanish unit of weight equivalent to approximately 11kg)  Before leaving there, he saw Potosi and admiring its beauty and grandeur, he said (speaking to his court) : “This doubtless must have much silver in its heart”, whereby he subsequently ordered his vassals to go to CCOLQUE PORCO ………. and work the mines and remove from them all the rich metal.  They did so, and having brought their tools of flint and reinforced wood, they climbed the hill, and after having probed for its veins, they were about to open those veins, when they heard a frightening thunderous noise which shook the whole hill, and they heard a voice which said : “Do not take the silver from this hill, because it is destined for other masters”.

potosi2


Amazed at hearing this reasoning, the Incan vassals desisted in their purpose and retired to PORCO and told the King what had happened, relating the occurrence in their own language, and coming to the word “noise”, they said “POTOCSI”, which means there was a great thunderous noise and from that later was derived (corrupting a letter) the name of POTOSI.  Another explanation, given by several QUECHUA speakers, is that POTOQ is an onomatopoeic word that reproduces the sound of the hammer against the ore, and oral tradition has it that the town derived its name from this word.


potosi_cathedral


Potosi lies at the foot of the CERRO de POTOSI, sometimes referred to as CERRO RICO (rich mountain), which was famous for providing vast quantities of silver for Spain during the period of the New World Spanish Empire.  The mountain, which is popularly conceived of as being “made of silver ore”, caused the city of Potosi to become one of the largest cities in the New World.  After 1800 , the silver mines were depleted, making “tin” the main product.  This eventually led to a slow economic decline.  Nevertheless, the mountain continues to be mined for silver to this day.  Due to poor worker conditions, such as lack of protective equipment against inhalation of dust, many of the miners contract SILICOSIS and have a life expectancy of around 40yrs.  The mountain is still a significant contributor to the city’s economy, employing some 15,000 miners.


Santa Teresa Church Potosi


As a result of centuries long mining, in 2011 a “sinkhole” appeared I the top and had to be filled with ultra-light cement.  The summit also continues to sink a few centimetres every year.  In 2014, UNESCO added CERRO RICO & POTOSI to its List of Endangered  Sites, owing to “uncontrolled mining operations” that risk “degrading the site”.  The CERRO RICO de POTOSI Mine is one of the largest silver mines in Bolivia and in the world.  The mine has estimated reserve of 1.76billion oz. of silver and 540 million tonnes of ore grading 0.17% tin.

Potosi features a rare climate for a city of its size, due to its extreme elevation.  Summers are cool and wet with daily highs rarely rising above 20 degrees, while winters feature cooler days with much cooler nights averaging –4 degreesC.
There are many interesting places to visit in Potosi.

Plaza_de_San_Francisco,_San_Luis_Potosí_(4340782329)


(1) THE CATHEDRAL : Initiated in 1564, this “single-aisled” Cathedral collapsed in 1807.  The present Cathedral is the work of Fray Manuel de Sanahuja who started it in 1808.  It was inaugurated in 1836.  The Cathedral is built in the Baroque style.  It is considered as one of the most beautiful examples in a series of great Cathedrals of Latin America.  On the “inside”, the concept is POLYCHROME which today calls the attention to the gold mouldings on a white background and the bases of the columns, where one can still observe tiles originating from Jesuit Churches.  Among the Colonial art pieces that belong to the 1st church, one can find the 4 wooden medallions of high relief placed above the interior doors.  The reliefs of the Assumption can be found in the Trinity Altar, and the Coronation of the Virgin in the baptistery

(2) SANTA TERESA CHURCH :  Work was started in 1685 and the construction of the Church and the Convent took 7yrs.  Above the entrance are preserved “3 Coats of Arms” —— the central one corresponding to the Order of the Carmelites and the 2 on the sides to the co-founders whose portraits can be found in the same Convent.  The ATRIUM of the Church, which had been closed off by walls finished in festooned arches and half-point arches, was replaced in the middle of this century by round pillars of stone and iron railings.  It is of a “single aisle” covered with a wooden framework and divided by an ARC de TRIUMPH of cedar wood, re-covered by gold plating and polychrome.  The façade is made up of  a portal foreshadowing the so called MESTIZO STYLE and a belfry which is the 1st example of this type of bell tower that abound in the Imperial City.  There is a museum installed in the cloisters of the Convent .  Altar pieces, wood carvings, rich materials, furnishings books, relics, silverware and diverse objects from the 17th and 18th centuries were added.

Cayara Farm Potosi


(3) The SAN FRANCISCO CHURCH was founded in 1547 by Friar Gasper de Valverde.  In 1707, the old Church was destroyed and a new one built in its place.  It was inaugurated in 1726 and is the oldest cloister in Bolivia.  The church has 3 aisles covered with cannon vaults and 9 orange-coloured domes, featuring a beautiful Baroque entrance and another on the side which shelters a Cross.

(4) The LAGOONS :  Viceroy Toledo constructed a system of “damming” in 1572, which later created a network of reservoirs and waterways in order to lessen the difficulty of having to take minerals long distance for grinding.  The 1st Lagoon was CHALVIRI.  The lagoons of ILDE FONSO & SAN SEBASTIAN are near mountain, and there are dirt roads which lead to them.
(5) LA PUERTA is a locality near Potosi.  On the way to this place one passes the famous DEVIL’S CAVE.

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(6) LA PALCA is a modern volatilization plant.  Presently it is defunct.

(7) TARAPAYA LAGOON is where one can find a “circular volcanic boiler” of hot spring water that is known as INCAS BATH.  It is a perfect circle of about 100m in diameter that instead of spewing lava, emanates hot water.

Red lagoon Potosi


(8) CAYARA FARM is the best Colonial Hacienda that is preserved in Potosi.

Other places of importance are CANTUMARCA, CHAQUI ( there is a hotel spa here) whose ferruginous waters are recommended for good health, BETANZOS (an agricultural village) where thereSunday fairs are held, where you can find woven, ceramic and metal objects and beautiful original costumes  MANQUIRI is a famous sanctuary situated between red sandy mountains.  It is visited by pilgrims.  SALT DESERT of UYUNI has a altitude of 3,665m above sea level.  It is the largest “salt desert of the world.”  THE RED LAGOON is at an altitude of 4,278m above sea level.  It is notable for the reddish colour of its water and for the presence of geysers, given that it is a volcanic region.  GREEN LAGOON is a salt-water lagoon, 4,350m above sea level.  The region has sulphuric mines.

Laguna Verde, Bolivia


Tierra del Fuego

Tierra del Fuego


TIERRA del FUEGO (FIRE LAND in Spanish) consists of a main island, ISLA GRANDE de TIERRA del FUEGO, often called simply TIERRA FUEGO or ISLA GRANDE, with an area of 48,100 sq.km, and a group of smaller islands.  The main island is split between 2 countries : 38.47% of the total area, belongs to Argentina, while 61.43% of the total area, belongs to Chile.  The archipelago is divided by an east-west channel, the BEAGLE CHANNEL, immediately south of the main island.  The largest islands, south of the Beagle Channel are HOSTE & NAVARINO.


Tierra del_Fuego


The geology of the archipelago is characterized by the effects of the ANDEAN OROGENY and the repeated PLEISTOCENE GLACIATIONS.  The geology of the island can be divided into large east-west oriented units.  The south-western islands of the archipelago, included CAPE HORN, are part of the PATAGONIAN BATHOLITH, while CORDILLERA DARWIN and the area around Beagle Channel form the principal cordillera hosting the highest mountains.  The Magallanes “fold and thrust belt” extends north of ALMIRANTAZKO FJORD & FAGNANO Lake, and north of this lies the Magallanes foreland  —- an old sedimentary basin that hosts “hydrocarbon reserves.”  ORTHOGNEISS dated at 525 million years, is known to underlie some of the oil wells in northern Tierra del Fuego.


Tierra_del_Fuego_3


Tierra del-Fuego


The Magallanes-Fagnano Fault, a “dextral strike slip” fault crosses the southern part of the main island from west to east.  It is an active “seismic fault”, located inside and parallel to the Fuegian “fold and thrust belt”, an dmarks the boundary between a southern belt of Paleozoic meta sediments and a northern Mesozoic belt of sedimentary sequences.  Fagnano Lake occupies a “glacier-carved depression” in a pull-apart basin that has developed along the Megallanes-Fagnano Fault Zone.


Beaver_Dam_-_Tierra_del_Fuego_National_Park


Only 30% of the island have forests which are classified as Magallanic Sub-polar.  The northeast is made up of steppe and cool semi-desert.  Canelo or Winter’s Bark and several kinds of fruits grow in open spaces in these forests, such as beech, strawberry and calafate, which have long been gathered by both Native Americans and residents of European descent.  These fruits are “unique in the world” for having developed in a climate with such cold summers.  Winds are so strong that trees, in wind-exposed areas, grow into “twisted shapes” inspiring people to call them “flag trees”.


Gobernación_Provincia_de_Tierra_del_Fuego_Antártida_e_Isla_del_Atlántico_Sur


Among the most notable animals are austral parakeets, sea gulls, foxes, guanacos, condors, king penguins, owls and fire-crown hummingbirds.  North Americans beavers, introduced in the 1940s, have proliferated and caused considerable damage to the island’s forests.  The governments have established a wide-reaching program to trap and kill beavers in Tierra del Fuego.


tierra_del_fuego_argentina


The archipelago also boasts of some of the finest trout fishing in the world.  Sea-run brown trout often exceed 9kg, particularly in rivers.  Sightings of southern right whales have increased in recent years, as well as some others such as blue whales, southern fins and southern minks.  Beagle Channel is a prominent area to watch rare endemic dolphins, and the less-studied pygmy right whales.  There are also South American sea lions, South American fur seals and gigantic southern elephant seals.


Tierra_del_Fuego


Today, the main economic activities are fishing, natural gas and oil extraction, sheep-farming and eco-tourism.  Tourism is gaining in importance, as it attracts numerous upmarket visitors.  Much of the tourism is based on claims of “southernmost things” : for example, both USHUAIA & PUERTO WILLIAMS claim to be the “southernmost city in the world”.  On the Argentine side of Tierra del Fuego, the government has promoted the establishment of several electronic companies.  Energy production is a crucial economic activity.  During the 2005-2010 period, petroleum and natural gas extraction contributed to 20% of the region’s economic output.


park_ushu Tierra del Fuego


Roads are poor in Tierra del Fuego, and apart from the tourist tour train, there are no railways.  There is little public transport.  However, tours can be booked through the Tourist Office or through many of the Hostels..

World’s scariest pathway

el-chorro-caminito-del-rey-bridge

Caminito del Rey (English : The King’s Little Pathway) is a walkway pinned along the steep walls of a narrow gorge in El Chorro near Alora, in the province of Malaga, Spain.
The walkway was built to provide workers, at the hydro-electric power plants at Chorro Falls and Gaitanejo Falls, with means to cross between them, to provide for transport of materials and to facilitate inspection and maintenance of the channel.  Construction was started in 1901 and was finished in 1905.  In 1921, King Alfonso — XIII crossed the walkway for the inauguration of the Dam Conde del Guadalhorce, and it came to be known by its present name.

camino-before_2861377a


The walkway is 3.3ft (in width) and rises over 330ft above the river below.  Constructed of concrete, resting on steel rails supported by ‘stanchions’ at around 45 degrees into the rock face.  It is, currently, in a highly deteriorated state, and there are numerous sections where part of all of the concrete top has collapsed.  The result is large, open air gaps, bridged only by narrow steel beams or other support fixtures.  Very few of the original handrails exist, but a safety-wire runs the length of the path.  Several people have lost their lives on the walkway in recent times.  After two fatal accidents in 1999 and 2000, the local government closed both entrances.

el-caminito-13[6]


In June 2011, the regional Government of Andalusia and the local Government of Malaga agreed to share costs of restoration (including car parking and a museum) of 9 million Euros.  The project took approximately 3 years to complete.  Many of the original features will remain in place and the new materials, that are used, will be in keeping with the old design.

View of "Caminito del Rey" in Malaga, Spain


In March 2014, the Cornerstone of the rehabilitation project was laid by specialized alpinists.  The walkway will reopen on March 29, 2015.
Here is some information that has been given out :

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(1) The Caminito del Rey will remain open from 29th March to 6th April, 2015.
(2) The Town Hall of Malaga will be in charge of granting access to visitors for the first few months.
(3) The use of safety helmets will be required, but there is no news as to who will supply the helmets.
(4) To enter the path you will have to reserve online at the official website (The website will be announced at a later date)
(5) Children under 10yrs WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO ENTER.
(6) Entry to the Caminito del Rey will be free of charge for the first “few months”.
(7) For these first “few months”, the Caminito del Rey will be open every day of the week, except Monday.
(8) There is no mention about the King of Spain attending the opening.
(9) Number of people allowed will be 150 in any one direction and maximum 1000 people a day.
Screen Shot 2015-03-19 at 6.17.35 PMA new Logo has been chosen, because it ‘simplifies’ and ‘combines’ the three essential elements of the Caminito del Rey.  These elements being its “landscape”, the spectacular “suspension bridge” and the “iconic element of the CROWN” which, of course, gave the walkway its name.

The world’s best retirement havens

Retiring abroad has never been more attractive.  But finding the right location among the myriad options available can be daunting.  Even though only 25 countries feature on the list of International Living’s Annual Global Retirement Index, all of them are worth your attention.  The ones selected by us, from among all the countries in the world, were based on retirement-friendly qualities, so even the lowest-ranked nation is an option worth considering.
AndesScenery2852_sa47
(1) EQUADOR :  Equador wins overall this year as the best place in the world to retire.  From the quaint town of Cotacachi to the vibrant capital, Quito, from Salinas by the sea to the peaks of the Andes, Ecuador: a scenic viewEquador’s diversity is a key part of the massive appeal that sees it regain the coveted top spot on this year’s retirement index.  Although prices have risen slightly in recent years, Equador’s real estate has the best value you’ll find anywhere.  This is bolstered by the generous array of benefits that the Government has accorded to retires.  You’ll find world-class medical facilities in big cities throughout the country.  Public transportation is so efficient that many expats report that people are not even buying a car.  As many expats note, Equador delivers fresh experiences every day, making it the perfect location  for someone in search of happily fulfilling life overseas.
1126035-panama(2) PANAMA : The best retirement destination in Central America —— Panama offers retiree expats and the advantages of the world’s best retirement programme :  The Pensionado visa, available to anyone with a lifetime pension of over $1,000 a month.  Add all of these to the country’s already low cost of living, and Panama is the definition of an affordable expat haven.  panamaFor under $2,000, a couple can live comfortably in a country with a well-earned reputation for being expat-friendly.  Thriving expat communities in towns such as Boquete, Coronado and Pedasi attest to the ease of integration and provide you plenty of opportunities to meet like-minded people.
malaysia(3) MALAYSIA : It comes in as the best place in Asia to retire to.  Every year, more and more expats are waking up to the amazing opportunities Malaysia has to offer.  The country has robust economics in Asia, sky_bridgeand this is reflected in the consistently high standard of living available to locals and expats alike.  Quality of life in Malaysia is cost-efficient as well as excellent.  In typical expat locations such as Kuala Lumpur and Penang, high-quality real estate is available for rent at a low cost.
Spain-Madrid-Gran2-Via(4) SPAIN :  For those seeking the sun and affordable living in Europe, Spain remains by far the best option available, evidenced by its standing as the top European nation in this year’s index.  Although not as cheap as in most of Latin America, property in Spain is often of a high standard and far better value than in many other European countries.  1126035-panamaFor years, Spain’s famously warm climate has been attracting expats from colder climes.  All the First-World amenities you would expect of a European country are abundant in Spain.  Spain’s health-care system is routinely recognised by the World Health Organization as one of the best in the world.
———HuffingtonPost.in

Espadrilles

espadrilles
ESPADRILLES are to loafers what UGGS are to boots.  These canvas shoes with a jute sole —- once merely a Spanish peasant shoe —- has become the footwear of choice for celebrities.  For the past few years, this style of shoes has been making its presence.
JUTE SOLES are what distinguish these shoes from other footwear.  Usually flat, ESPADRILLES are now available in wedges and heels and sport colourful fronts.  Owing to their popularity at street stores and designer boutiques, ESPADRILLES come in many styles, such as open-toe, back-open, slip-ons, with tie-up laces or as gladiator sandals.  Stylist Pernia Qureshi says that espadrilles are gaining popularity because they are casual and comfortable.  “These shoes  pair perfectly with shorts, dresses, denims and almost anything casual,” she says.  She recommends women pair wedge espadrilles with a lose-fitting top, cotton shorts and a big tote.
Image Consultant Yatan Ahluwalia says that with lighter hues ruling men’s fashion, espadrilles can be used to add colour to men’s attire.  “Textured, coloured or striped are suitable to laidback leisure look,” he advises.  Bright numbers are best sported with an all-white or muted ensemble.  Slip-on and flat espadrilles best suit men.
———– Amin Ali.