Blast from the past!
TIERRA del FUEGO (FIRE LAND in Spanish) consists of a main island, ISLA GRANDE de TIERRA del FUEGO, often called simply TIERRA FUEGO or ISLA GRANDE, with an area of 48,100 sq.km, and a group of smaller islands. The main island is split between 2 countries : 38.47% of the total area, belongs to Argentina, while 61.43% of the total area, belongs to Chile. The archipelago is divided by an east-west channel, the BEAGLE CHANNEL, immediately south of the main island. The largest islands, south of the Beagle Channel are HOSTE & NAVARINO.
The geology of the archipelago is characterized by the effects of the ANDEAN OROGENY and the repeated PLEISTOCENE GLACIATIONS. The geology of the island can be divided into large east-west oriented units. The south-western islands of the archipelago, included CAPE HORN, are part of the PATAGONIAN BATHOLITH, while CORDILLERA DARWIN and the area around Beagle Channel form the principal…
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